Fair Trade: A Better Life
History of Fair Trade
While organic certification ensures the purity of a product, fair trade certification ensures its social quality. World Fair Trade Organization defines fair trade as a way “to transform trading structures and practices in favour of the poor and disadvantaged. By facilitating trading partnerships based on equity and transparency, Fairtrade contributes to sustainable development for marginalized producers, workers and their communities”.
Fair Trade movement started in 1940s and it gained momentum in Europe in the 1960s. There was an uprise against companies taking advantage of marginalized producers. Producers are often underpaid, while companies are unfairly scooping up most of the profits. The result is not only persistent poverty amongst the poor, but also under motivated producers who in the long run compromised the product quality, creating a lose-lose situation for all.
Sunria’s fair trade certified products guarantee that our producers are well taken care of. We recognized the interdependence between a product and its producers, and believe happier and more fulfilled farmers produce better products.
Fair Trade Principles
Fair trade is based on a few fundamental principles:
Producers are paid fair prices
Ensuring there is no child labor
A lot of products can be economically produced from developing countries because its producers are children. They are paid very low wages, and are deprived of the opportunity to continue receiving education. Unlike child work, which are activities considered to help the development of a child, and do not interfere with the schooling, such as helping parents with home chores, or earning pocket money during school holidays, child labor is defined by International Labor Organization as:
At Sunria, we do not tolerate child labor. A part of the reason why we give premium prices to the farmers is to strengthen their financial position, so their children can concentrate on going to school.
Good working conditions for producers
In developing countries like Asia, decision-making usually involves only a select few at the top, and workers’ opinions often do not matter. We engage our farmers in democratic decision-making process, especially in matters directly affect their welfare, such as prices, and community development. Everyone is encouraged to participate and has an equal voice.
Commitment to non-discrimination, and gender equity
In Indonesia, gender discrimination is a pressing issue. According to the Gender Inequality Index under Human Development Index 2011 by United Nations, Indonesia is ranked 100 out of 146 countries. Although Indonesia has introduced a number of reforms to advance gender equality, significant challenges still remain, especially economic empowerment, with only 53% of women engaged in the labor market, compared to 87% of men.
Sunria promotes and support the role of women in farming and its post-harvest processing. The planting, weeding, harvesting, and sorting of Sunria rice is carried out by women.
We also additionally try to find other ways to empower women within the local communities and give them more flexibility. We started an initiative to make handcrafted packaging, so far it has offered women within the local community an opportunity to have sustainable income, while allowing them to be at home and look after their kids.
Respecting and preserving the environment
Our planet has encountered many environmental challenges, and we believe that all of us can contribute and do our part. Fair Trade Certified environmental standards are some of the strictest in the industry. Fair Trade ensures that farmers follow internationally monitored environmental standards. Fair Trade Certified products are not only better for the men and women who grow them, they’re better for the planet as well!
Through sustainable farming, Sunria farmers are helping to preserve the earth for future generations. We use local inputs to make organic compost to enhance soil fertility. We promote a healthy ecosystem for our plants to grow. We minimize our water usage, and reuse and recycle when possible.
Fair trade aims to improve not only the quality of life of producers, but also its local communities. A part of sales of Sunria products are reserved as Fair Trade Funds, which farmers can equivocally decide how to best contribute to their local community development. With this fund, they are able to repair roads, improve school facilities, or any other use they deem beneficial.
Fair Trade Initiatives
When we think of charity acts or helping others, we usually visualize the rich helping the poor. It is very humbling to know that the farmers have been participating in “fair trade” by themselves, even before they have heard of this term, and know that such certification exists.
Most of Sunria rice farmers donate a percentage of their paddies during harvest season to people that are less fortunate than them: homeless people without families, victims of natural disasters, or orphans. The percentage varies based on each farmer’s field size, harvest yield, and his/her financial ability. Farmers with small land, or have many kids that needs more financial support would donate about 1% of their harvests, and those that have bigger lands and are more financially independent can donate up to 10% of their harvests.
These selfless acts by the farmers are exemplary, and have inspired Sunria to work more closely with the farmers, giving them and their communities a better life they truly deserved.